Tag Archives: javascript

Next.js Google Spreadsheets

Failing Build of Next.js and Google Spreadsheets

Are you trying to connect Google Sheets with your Next.js app?

I have come across an issue with failing builds when deploying to Vercel and to save you hours of debugging, here is what worked for me.

The Issue

All I wanted to do is to load data from Google Spreadsheet and display them in my React component. I am using Next.js and google-spreadsheets package.

In next.config.js I am setting up the environmental variables to be able to connect to the Spreadsheet when the page is served .

module.exports = (phase) => {
    ...
    const env = {
        ...
        private_key: (() => {
            if (isDev) return process.env.private_key
            if (isProd) return process.env.private_key
            if (isStaging) return process.env.private_key
            return 'private_key:not (isDev,isProd && !isStaging,isProd && isStaging)'
        })(),
        ...
    }
    ...
}

This worked fine locally but the build was failing when it was deployed to Vercel.

Error: error:0909006C:PEM routines:get_name:no start line

Here is the screenshot of the log.

Next.js + Google Sheets build error

After hours of debugging, calling for help and swearing at it, I had a look at how gatsby-source-google-spreadsheets works and there was the answer.

The Fix

To fix the issue I had to add .replace(/(\\r)|(\\n)/g, '\n') after the private_key.

if (isDev) return process.env.private_key.replace(/(\\r)|(\\n)/g, '\n')
if (isProd) return process.env.private_key.replace(/(\\r)|(\\n)/g, '\n')
if (isStaging) return process.env.private_key.replace(/(\\r)|(\\n)/g, '\n')

Happy times.

I am sure someone smarter than me can explain in the comments what exactly this regex does, I just know that it replaces \n with real line breaks.

Practical GreenSock - Premium GreenSock Tutorials

Practical GreenSock Launch Date and Giveaway

After a long time in making, I am very excited to announce that the new lineup of my premium online courses will be available for purchase from the 18th of August 2020.

What is Practical GreenSock?

Practical GreenSock is a bundle of 3 online courses teaching you how to create more advanced animations and effects using GreenSock, ScrollTrigger and vanilla JavaScript.

All 3 courses are suitable for intermediate to advanced developers and designers.

Here is the breakdown of all 3 courses included in Practical GreenSock, watch the first unit from each of them to learn more.

  1. Projects Slider (*) – starter project – watch the first unit
  2. Pen Reveal (*) – starter project – watch the first unit
  3. Bella – main project – watch the first unit

* Free Upgrade for Existing Students

Anyone who has purchased at least one of my “closed” premium courses gets free access to Projects Slider and Pen Reveal from today.

Simply login to your account and start any of these two GSAP3 and ScrollTrigger courses today.

Enjoy this as a gift for all your support over the last few years. Thank you!

Enter to Win Practical GreenSock

To celebrate the re-launch of my premium courses I am also giving away 5 copies of Practical GreenSock.

Congratulations to the winners:

a Rafflecopter giveaway

Cheers
Petr

React and GreenSock Tutorial

React and Greensock Tutorial for Beginners

This React and Greensock Tutorial is focusing mainly on the basics of targeting elements and using React Hooks with GreenSock.

If you have been following my blog and YouTube channel for a while, you know that I enjoy using React and GreenSock.

They are both very powerful libraries with elegant APIs.

As more and more websites are build using React, it’s important to know how to use GreenSock in the React world.

What will you learn:

Baby steps I know, but lets learn how to walk before you try to run.

If you prefer learning by watching videos, checkout React + GreenSock 101.

View Demo →Download Files ↓

1. How to include GSAP in your React Project

React and Greensock Tutorial for Beginners

I am assuming you already know how to spin up a brand new React project using the Create React App.

npx create-react-app gsap-app
cd gsap-app

Now we can install GreenSock through npm and start the app.

npm i gsap
npm start

Cool, GSAP is installed lets import it to our App component.

import React from 'react';
import { gsap } from "gsap";

const App = () => {
    ...
    return (
        <div className="App">
            <header className="App-header">
                <img src={logo} className="App-logo" alt="logo" />
            </header>
        </div>
    )
}

2. How to target elements using refs

Firstly we need to get access to the element that we want to animate.

We can use useRef because our App component is a functional component.

import React, { useRef } from 'react';
import { gsap } from "gsap";

const App = () => {
    
    const headerRef = useRef(null);

    ...
    return (
        <div className="App">
            <header ref={headerRef} className="App-header">
                <img src={logo} className="App-logo" alt="logo" />
            </header>
        </div>
    )
}

We are storing a reference to our header element in the headerRef variable.

You can read more about React Refs in the official documentation.

3. How to animate React ref using GSAP

With our header “selected”, we can create a tween that will play when the component mounts.

import React, { useRef, useEffect } from 'react';
...

const App = () => {
    
    ...

    useEffect(() => {
        
        gsap.from(headerRef.current, {
            autoAlpha: 0, 
            ease: 'none',
            delay: 1
        });

    }, []);

    ...
}

Firstly we need to import useEffect and create our tween inside of it.

The empty array as a dependency of this effect will make sure that our tween runs only on the initial mount of this component.

If you are new to React Hooks you can check my free online course React 101.

The target for our .fromTo tween is headerRef.current that is how we can access the underlying DOM element.

Ok, now we have our header fading in with a slight delay, but how do we animate when the state of our component changes?

4. How to animate when React state changes

React and GreenSock Tutorial

Lets create a button that will change the background color of the header.

But we could that with css class, right? Off course we could, but I thought you are here to learn React + Greensock.

import React, { useRef, useEffect, useState } from 'react';
...

const App = () => {
    
    const [background, setBackground] = useState('#5a7d95');
    
    ...

    const toggleBackground = () => {
        const color = background !== '#5a7d95' ? '#5a7d95' : '#1b4943';
        setBackground(color);
    }

    useEffect(() => {

        gsap.to(headerRef.current, { 
            backgroundColor: background, 
            duration: 1,  
            ease: 'none' 
        });

    }, [background]);

    return (
        <div className="App">
            ...
            <button onClick={() => toggleBackground()}>Change background</button>
            ...
        </div>
    );
}

We import useState, set the default color and create a function toggleBackground that will toggle the background color between light and dark.

Then inside of a new useEffect that only listens to the background color change, we are using GreenSock’s .to tween to animate the background-color to the right value.

Please excuse my non-creative animations today, I am trying to keep the example as simple as possible.

5. How to create an array of refs

React and GreenSock Tutorial

ScrollTrigger is the cool plugin from GreenSock that lets you trigger animations as the user scrolls through your page.

Let have a look how to include ScrollTrigger in your React project and fade in a few section.

import React, { useRef, useEffect, useState } from 'react';
import { ScrollTrigger } from 'gsap/ScrollTrigger';
gsap.registerPlugin(ScrollTrigger);

const sections = [
  {
    title: 'Title 1', 
    subtitle: 'Subtitle 1'
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 2', 
    subtitle: 'Subtitle 2'
  },
  {
    title: 'Title 3', 
    subtitle: 'Subtitle 3'
  }
];
...

We import ScrollTrigger and then register the plugin to make sure it survives the code tree shaking.

For this demo we are hardcoding some content in the sections array.

const App = () => {

    ...

    const revealRefs = useRef([]);
    revealRefs.current = [];

    const addToRefs = el => {
        if (el &amp;&amp; !revealRefs.current.includes(el)) {
            revealRefs.current.push(el);
        }
    };

    return (
        <div className="App">
            {
                sections.map(({title, subtitle}) => (
                    <div className="App-section" key={title} ref={addToRefs}>
                        <h2>{title}</h2>
                        <p>{subtitle}</p>
                    </div>
                ))
            }
        </div>
    );
}

Because we want to access multiple sections and trigger them individually, we need to create an array of refs revealRefs.

As you know from the above header example we get access to the underlying DOM elements in the .current property.

That is why we need to create a function addToRefs and add all our references to the sections to the revealRefs.current array.

6. How to use ScrollTrigger with React

Ok, great. We have access to all sections. Now lets loop over them and create new GSAP tween with scrollTrigger.

useEffect(() => {

    ...

    revealRefs.current.forEach((el, index) => {
        
        gsap.fromTo(el, {
            autoAlpha: 0
        }, {
            duration: 1, 
            autoAlpha: 1,
            ease: 'none',
            scrollTrigger: {
                id: `section-${index+1}`,
                trigger: el,
                start: 'top center+=100',
                toggleActions: 'play none none reverse'
            }
        });

    });

}, []);

We are looping over the revealRefs.current array and creating a simple .fromTo tween.

Each sections fades in when top of it is 100 pixels from the center of the viewport.

Again, today I could not think of a more creative way than just simply fading in a bunch of dummy sections.

React and GreenSock Tutorial Demo

View Demo →Download Files ↓

Do you want to learn more about React or GreenSock? Check out my free online courses React 101 and GreenSock 101.

Conclusion

Quite a long tutorial, but I hope that this guide will help you with implementing GreenSock in your React projects.

Do you have any questions related to GSAP and React? Let me know in the comments.

Barba.js Tutorial

Page Transitions Tutorial – Barba and GreenSock – Part 2

In the previous page transitions tutorial we have created a simple “take over” effect.

Today we will explore a little bit more about Barba.js and GreenSock and create a circular page transition.

Page Transitions Tutorial

What you will learn in this page transitions tutorial:

View Demo Download Files

Init Barba.js

The general setup of Barba.js is the same as in the previous tutorial.

barba.init({
    transitions: [{
        async leave({trigger}) {
            await loaderIn(trigger);
        },
        enter({next}) {
            loaderAway(next);
        }
    }]
})

We have two transitions leave() and enter(), but this time we are passing trigger to the loaderIn function and next to the loaderAway function.

How to scale up from where the user clicked

Page transitions tutorial

Each Barba.js hook receives the same data argument that contains the current and next page properties, it also includes trigger that is the link that triggered the transition.

You can read more about the Barba Hooks in the official documentation.

function loaderIn(trigger) {

    // get the size of the clicked trigger element
    const { height, width, top, left } = trigger.getBoundingClientRect();
    const triggerTop = Math.floor(top);
    const triggerLeft = Math.floor(left);
    const triggerWidth = Math.floor(width);
    const triggerHeight = Math.floor(height);

    // get viewport size, this will be used for scaling up the loader
    const viewportHeight = window.innerHeight;
    const viewportWidth = window.innerWidth;     
    const loaderSize = viewportHeight > viewportWidth ? viewportHeight*2 : viewportWidth*2;

    ...
}

We are firstly getting the dimensions of the trigger and its top and left offset relative to the viewport using the javascript getBoundingClientRect() method.

Secondly, we are getting the size of the viewport to be able to resize the loader accordingly.

Because the loader will always scale up from the center of the clicked element we need to make sure it is twice the size of the viewport.

How to use GreenSock for page transitions

GreenSock timeline

Now we need to create a GreenSock timeline that will scale the loader up.

function loaderIn(trigger) {

    ...
    const tl = gsap.timeline();
    tl
        .set(loader, {
            autoAlpha: 1,
            x: triggerLeft + (triggerWidth/2),
            y: triggerTop + (triggerHeight/2),
            width: loaderSize,
            height: loaderSize,
            xPercent: -50,
            yPercent: -50
        })
        .fromTo(loader, 
        {
            scale: 0,
            transformOrigin: 'center center'
        },
        { 
            duration: 0.8,
            scale: 1, 
            ease: 'power4.out'
        });
    return tl;

}

Firstly we use the .set tween to set the right position of the loader and resize it according to the viewport.

We use xPercent: -50 and yPercent: -50 to center, the middle of the loader in the center of the clicked link.

The .fromTo tween scales the loader from 0 to 1.

Regardless of where the link is on the page, the loader will always scale up from there and cover the whole screen.

Still with me? Lets keep going.

If you are new to GreenSock, checkout out my GreenSock 101 online course.

How to change the body class on page transition

Now let’s try to change the body class and display the correct background colors as defined in the stylesheet.

.is-home { background: #1f213f; }
.is-page-2 { background: #1c323d; }

Remember Barba.js only replaces the content of the data-barba="container”. This means that the body class would stay the same when navigating between the pages.

We have to manually update it like this:

function loaderAway(next) {
    document.body.removeAttribute('class');
    document.body.classList.add(next.container.dataset.class);
    ...
}

We are passing the next page to the loaderAway(next) function.

Inside of it, we are firstly removing the class attribute from the body tag and then applying the class that we have defined on the incoming page container as data-class="is-page-2”.

This will make sure that the body class is updated before we reveal the incoming page.

Reveal the new page

Page transitions tutorial

Now we have the whole page covered by the scaled-up loader, Barba updated the page under the loader and we are ready to reveal it.

The loader is a simple div, with a border-radius set to 100% to appear as a circle.

function loaderAway(next) {
    ...
    const h1 = next.container.querySelector('h1');
    const p = next.container.querySelectorAll('p');
    const img = next.container.querySelector('img');

    const tl = gsap.timeline();
    return tl.to(loader, { 
        duration: 1, 
        scaleX: 0.5, // squash the loader
        scaleY: 0.1, // squash the loader
        yPercent: 0, // move it down
        ease: 'power4.inOut'
    }).fromTo([h1, p, img], {
        autoAlpha: 0
    }, {
        duration: 0.9, 
        autoAlpha: 1, 
        stagger: 0.02, 
        ease: 'none'}, 
    0.3);
}

We can access the content of the incoming page by getting the right selectors from next.container.

Then we can reveal it in whatever fashion we want.

The .to tween above is squashing it down and moving it away from the viewport using the yPercent: 0.

With a slight 0.3s delay and a short stagger offset we are also fading the content in.

Final Demo

View Demo Download Files

Related Resources

Conclusion

And that is it, now you know how to create a circular page transition using Barba.js and GreenSock. If you are new to GreenSock, checkout GreenSock 101 where you can learn even more about this powerful animation library.

Have you seen any cool page transitions that you would like to see covered in my future page transitions tutorial?

Let me know in the comments.

React + GSAP Workshop

New Courses Survey

I am currently in the planning phase of my new premium courses. Please answer the following questions, so that I can create the ideal course for you.